Cardiology

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The results of a new study have shown that a person's risk of developing heart-related health problems are greater if they had a low-income childhood. New research reveals that a low-income family background in childhood is linked to two heart problems in middle age. The two heart problems are increased left ventricular mass and diastolic dysfunction, which are both known to be associated with heart failure.

Disease

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New research has examined the dynamics between sleep, pain, disability and depressive symptoms in patients with osteoarthritis, finding complex associations between them as part of a "cycle of distress." Osteoarthritis most commonly affects the knee joints, along with the hips and hands. The study confirmed sleep disturbances are initially associated with depressive symptoms and pain but not disability.

Medical practice

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A new revelation has been discovered, claiming that toxins in snake venom could potentially open doors to cutting-edge drugs being able to treat severe medical conditions, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and cancer. Venom generally contains an assortment of fatal molecules known as toxins, however, these toxins have changed from harmless compounds that previously did other jobs in the body.

Other

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A vegan diet excludes all animal-based foods and is a true cholesterol-free diet. Cholesterol is an essential building block for cells, and the body makes as much of it as it needs on its own. A diet that that causes the body to produce too much "bad" LDL cholesterol can cause plaques to form in the arteries, leading to coronary heart disease, heart attack, or stroke.

Psychiatry

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According to a study published in the December 24/31 issue of JAMA, sleeping an hour longer each night may lead to a lower incidence of coronary artery calcification - a predictor of future heart disease. Coronary artery calcification is characterized by an accumulation of calcium plaques that detected computed tomography scans of the heart.

Retirees

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Probiotic supplements do not prevent antibiotic-associated diarrhea in elderly patients, according to a study published in The Lancet. Previous research has suggested that probiotic supplements may curb antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD), and many institutions prescribe these as part of normal practice.

Women health

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Cervical cancer affects the entrance to the uterus (womb). The cervix is the narrow part of the lower uterus, often referred to as the neck of the womb. The American Cancer Society estimates that 12,280 diagnoses of cervical cancer will be made by the end of 2017 in the United States. More than 4,000 women in the U.