Female reproductive system

Ovaries, tubes, uterus and vagina: main organs of the female reproductive system

  • Ovaries: they are responsible for the development of follicles, for the release of eggs and the production of two female sex hormones that make us women: estrogen and progesterone .
  • Fallopian tubes or uterine tubes: Ducts that communicate the ovaries with the uterus and through which the ovules travel, is where fertilization occurs . The embryo rarely develops in the tubes, if this happens it is called an ectopic pregnancy and it is a problem for the development of the baby. The fallopian tubes are malleable tubes of 1; to 14 cm whose function is to carry the ovum to the uterus. The opening of the tube to the uterus is called the tubal ostium.
  • Uterus: It is there where the fetus develops during pregnancy . The uterus is hollow and muscular and its inner lining of the uterus is the endometrium. As we all know, and some of us suffer from it, it presents cyclical monthly changes related to the effect of estrogen, a hormone produced in the ovary. The endometrium undergoes monthly changes (the endometrium is the inner wall of the uterus) to receive and nourish the embryo (fertilized egg). If there is no fertilized egg, the endometrium loses its gelatinous consistency and is expelled by the female body during menstruation .
  • Vagina: They have named it with thousands of different names but its official definition is: copulation organ. And its function is to receive the sperm so that they reach the egg and thus can fertilize them. The vagina is also the birth canal and is the route through which menstruation flows are expelled.

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