Premenstruation syndrome (SPM) is the state that every woman suffers from the days before the menstrual period starts to drop. These symptoms are both physical and psychological and disappear once the period has come to an end. PMS is suffered by 30% or 80% of women of childbearing age, and these discomforts tend to worsen over the years, although many adolescents also have very intense symptoms.
What are the causes and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome?
- Although the exact cause of PMS has not been identified, everything indicates that some of them are due to nutrition, hormonal changes and stress.
- As for the symptoms, on the one hand, there are the physical ones such as headaches, inflammation of the breasts, cramps, diarrhea or abdominal pain. On the other hand, there is emotional disturbance, that is, sadness, anxiety, irritability or anger, loss of interest in day-to-day tasks or lack of concentration.
How to treat PMS
For a few months (around three), you can pay more attention to what the symptoms are (type of discomfort, how long it lasts and its intensity). In addition, you always have to take into account some tips to be able to cope with this state prior to the menstrual cycle:
- Drink plenty of water to avoid fluid retention
- Eat a balanced diet (fruit, vegetables, vitamin B6, calcium or magnesium).
- Practice physical activity throughout the month (aerobic exercise to reduce the intensity of PMS).
To treat premenstrual syndrome there is no specific cure, but each woman follows a specific treatment according to what the specialist tells her (for example: contraceptives). Whenever you doubt your symptoms or your pain is strong and prolonged, go to the gynecologist to be able to treat them or make a more specific diagnosis for your situation.