When menstrual cycles last less than 21 days, we are facing what is known as polymenorrhea. The time elapsed between ovulation and the luteal phase is excessively short.
Normally, the first phase of the menstrual cycle lasts 12 to 14 days, in the case of polymenorrhea it is shortened to 6-8 days, thus advancing the second phase, which lasts another 12-14 days. If the second phase is also shortened, we could be facing a sterility and infertility problem, not being able to get pregnant or having an abortion, since the levels of progesterone in the body would be insufficient to accommodate a possible pregnancy.
Causes of polymenorrhea
- Stress: When we talk about stress we refer to all types, physical, psychological and social. They all affect our hormonal levels and balance and can cause abnormalities in the menstrual cycle.
- Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Especially chlamydia and gonorrhea can cause menstrual disorders such as polymenorrhea.
- Menopause: Cessation of the menstrual cycle in women, takes place over the age of 50 and the ovaries stop producing eggs. The period before menopause is perimenopause and here the woman suffers numerous hormonal changes and imbalances, this makes hot flashes, sudden changes in character and irregular menstruation, such as polymenorrhea, common.
- Endometriosis: The natural place of growth of the endometrium is the uterus, if it is located outside it, normally in the fallopian tubes, we would be facing what is known as endometriosis. This disease brings with it many symptoms such as painful and abundant periods and irregularities during the menstrual cycle.
To put an end to this condition, it is essential to know what the problem is that causes it and, from there, take an appropriate treatment.