Every month the woman releases an egg that comes from one of the ovaries. The ovaries are two organs, located on both sides of the uterus, below the fallopian tubes. The main function is to produce sexual hormones and ovules, cells that allow the reproduction of the human species. Below we explain how these two female reproductive organs work during menstruation.
The functioning of the ovaries in the rule
- Every month (every 28 days) the woman produces a mature ovary, which is ready to be fertilized by a sperm and create a new life. The first thing that happens is that the egg is released and travels through the oviduct for several days until it reaches the uterus. The fallopian tubes then carry the egg to its destination. If it has not been fertilized, it gives rise to menstruation. This process is what is known as ovulation and is the main function that the ovaries perform in every woman in the process prior to the period.
- Likewise, the ovaries allow for hormonal regulation. On the one hand, there is progesterone and on the other, estrogens. Estrogen is the hormone that is responsible for exposing the sexual characteristics of women at puberty, in addition to being in charge of the maturation and maintenance of the reproductive organs, while progesterone prepares the cyclical changes of the endometrium, that is, it is the sexual hormone that the female ovary and the placenta secrete and its function is to prepare the uterus to receive the sperm.
- If there is a drop in the estrogen level, the hormone known as follicle stimulating increases. This same helps the growth of 10 or 20 ovarian follicles, unleashing the lining of the uterus during the initial phases of a woman’s menstrual cycle.