Ovulation is a part of the female menstrual cycle through which a mature ovarian follicle discharges an egg and it travels through the fallopian tube where it can be fertilized thanks to a sperm in the case of unprotected sexual intercourse and therefore, that the woman can get pregnant and that neither the period nor any type of coagulation appears.
The ovulation period before menstruation
- Ovulation is controlled by the part of the brain called the hypothalamus, which sends signals that instruct the lobe and anterior pituitary gland to secrete luteinizing hormone and ovarian follicle-stimulating hormone. This ovulation process usually occurs between days 10 and 21 of the menstrual cycle and is when women are in their most fertile period –they will have the best chance of conceiving-.
- During ovulation, the lining of the uterus also thickens to prepare for the egg to be fertilized. But if the egg is not fertilized, the body must get rid of it by creating a detachment causing menstrual bleeding through the period.
- The youngest girls begin to menstruate between the ages of 9 and 15 with the onset of menarche. During this time, she ovulates and girls can become pregnant. Ovulation usually stops after menopause, which usually occurs in women between the ages of 40 and 50. Although there is ovulation before menopause appears, it exists as peri-menopause.
- Today women are able to know how to control the days in which they are ovulating by counting the days that their period lasts and knowing more or less which days they may be ovulating –from day 10 to 21-. They will also be able to do it thanks to the fact that there are mobile applications and Internet programs that provide this data and that in this way they will be able to better control the days in which there may be a pregnancy.