Anovulation is a gynecological disorder that results in the ovaries not releasing eggs regularly, so they cannot enter the fallopian tubes either. Women who suffer from it do not release an egg every month in order to be fertilized, but do so intermittently.
It should be said that anovulation is not a disease in itself, but a sign that something is not right in our body.
Causes of anovulation
The causes of anovulation can be various, from simply having a lifestyle imbalance, to suffering from an ovarian disease.
- Ovarian causes: The most frequent is due to Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, the ovaries suffer a hormonal alteration, having a higher than normal level of androgens.
- Pituitary causes: They can be due to a high level of pituitary hormones, so ovulation does not exist or occurs very irregularly. The follicle-stimulating hormone, necessary for said ovulation to occur, is absent.
- Hypothalamic causes: Stress is the fundamental problem in this case, be it physical or psychological.
- Other factors: Being lactating, drastically changing weight and traveling, among other things, can affect the ovulatory phase not occurring correctly.
Symptoms of anovulation
We can determine if we have defective ovulation if we suffer from any of the following signs:
- If our basal body temperature is highly variable.
- If we have an irregular period: we can have amenorrhea or large hemorrhages.
- If the symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome are barely perceptible.
The anovulation treatment will depend on the cause that produces it, for example, if our problem is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, it is most likely that our gynecologist will prescribe a contraceptive hormonal treatment to regulate it, so it is very important that we go to the doctor if we believe that we may have a defective ovulation.