Women health

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DRCHRONO, ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORD PLATFORM ON THE IPAD, CLOSES $675,000 SECOND ROUND OF FUNDING

Drchrono, a free iPad app, aims to digitize patient data as EHR (electronic health records) and bring up-to-date a cumbersome system of keeping manual charts. The company, called Drchrono, says it has closed $675,000 in second round funding. Recent studies have estimated that approximately 20% of all doctors in the USA today have an iPad, and this number is expected to grow rapidly.


10 YEARS HRT REDUCES HEART ATTACK AND HEART FAILURE RISK DRAMATICALLY

Women who receive Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) soon after the menopause have a much lower risk of heart attack, heart failure or dying early compared to women of the same age who do not, Danish researchers reported in the BMJ. HRT has been a controversial subject for a number of years. There are frequent discussions and arguments regarding the advantages of HRT and its negative consequence, namely breast cancer risk.


BREAST CANCER SCREENING SHOULD START AT 40, SAYS AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION

Women, when they reach 40 years of age, should be eligible for screening mammography, and should have that screening covered by insurance, says the American Medical Association (AMA), in what it describes as a recommendation update. The AMA emphasized that while mammography is the most reliable breast cancer screening tool available today for the general population, it does have its limitations.


MALE TUMMY TUCKS UP 15% IN UK

Britons appear to be tightening their belts in more ways than one: 2011 audit figures from the British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons (BAAPS) revealed on Monday that the number of men undergoing tummy tucks (abdominoplasty) was 15% higher than in 2010. However, although the percentage rise is large, the numbers are relatively small compared to women: while male tummy tucks rose from 108 to 124, female ones rose from 3,039 in 2010 to 3,251 in 2011 (a rise of 7%).


PIP BREAST IMPLANT SCANDAL, 7000 MORE WOMEN MAY NEED REPLACEMENT OR REMOVAL UK

The UK Department of Health has issued an update on PiP breast implants scandal which struck in late 2011. Authorities have identified an additional 7,000 women in the UK that may be in need to replacement or removal of their implants, and have confirmed this should be covered under the same NHS arrangements made earlier in the year.


H1N1 VACCINE FOR MOTHERS DOES NOT AFFECT BIRTH OUTCOMES

According to two new studies published in JAMA, the influenza A (H1N1) vaccine poses no risk of birth defects, fetal growth restriction, or preterm birth when given to pregnant women. However, the vaccine does slightly increase the risk of Guillain-Barre syndrome. During the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, pregnant women were at increased risk of illness, death, and poor pregnancy outcomes.


MORNING SICKNESS: 10 TIPS TO RELIEVE IT

Morning sickness can be irritating, but it is manageable and usually the mark of a healthful pregnancy. Morning sickness is often one of the first signs of pregnancy. It is a common complaint, but it often passes by 3 months into the pregnancy. However, for some women, severe morning sickness can be bothersome.


27% OF ALL BIRTHS TO UNMARRIED COUPLES, USA

Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released data from the Natality Data File, National Vital Statistics System showing teen childbearing hitting the lowest levels on record. Obviously, the public information campaign to use condoms is working. At the same time, increasing numbers of unmarried couples are having babies, giving further proof of the public's general disillusionment with the 20th Century ideals of the institution of marriage.


WOMEN'S HEALTH IN MIDLIFE BEGINS WITH 6,000 STEPS

Habitual physical activity that adds up to moving 6,000 or more steps a day may protect women's health in midlife, because, whether through formal exercises or just the activities of daily life, this level of activity is linked to a lower risk for developing diabetes and metabolic syndrome in midlife women.


10 YEARS ON TAMOXIFEN HALVES BREAST CANCER RECURRENCE RISK

Survivors who take tamoxifen for ten years have half the risk of dying from estrogen receptor positive breast cancer, researchers from Cancer Research UK reported at the ASCO Annual Meeting in Chicago, Illinois, USA. Lead researcher, Dr Daniel Rea reported that the "aTTom" study demonstrated that estrogen receptor positive breast cancer patients who took tamoxifen for longer than five years were much less likely to suffer cancer recurrence or die from the disease.


MAMMOGRAMS EVERY OTHER YEAR FINE FOR WOMEN OVER 50

Women aged 50 to 74 years who get mammograms every other year instead of every year are at a lower risk of false-positive results and at a similar risk of advanced-stage disease. The study, which was published in JAMA Internal Medicine, identified the outcomes of screening mammography for age, breast density and postmenopausal use of hormone therapy.


HRT NOT LINKED TO COGNITIVE PROBLEMS IN WOMEN 50 TO 55

Postmenopausal women ages 50 to 55 taking hormone replacement therapy (HRT) will not experience memory problems or declines in their cognitive abilities, according to new research. The study showed that postmenopausal hormone therapy with conjugated equine estrogens (CEEs) is not linked to overall sustained benefit or risk to cognitive function in women of this age group.


12.7% OF PREGNANT WOMEN ARE SMOKERS IN ENGLAND

Although the number of women in England who are smokers when they give birth has dropped over the last five years, at 12.7% the Health and Social Care Information Centre (HSCIC) says the figure is still too high. In the North East of England, nearly one in five women (19.7%) who gave birth in 2012-2013 classed themselves as smokers on the day their baby was born, says a new reported titled "Statistics on Women's Smoking Status at Time of Delivery".


FIRST-TIME MOTHERS AS YOUNG AS 30-YEARS-OLD IN 'RISK ZONE'

For many women who plan to conceive a child at some point, 35 has been perceived as the magic age when they suddenly enter the risk group. But new research from Sweden suggests this "risk zone" begins much earlier, starting as a woman leaves her 20s. The study, published in the journal Obstetrics and Gynecology, was conducted by investigators from Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm, Sweden.


BRAS MAKE BREASTS SAG, 15-YEAR STUDY CONCLUDES

Wearing a bra does more harm than good - it does nothing to reduce back pain and weakens the muscles that hold up the breasts, resulting in greater breast sagging, Jean-Denis Rouillon, a sports science expert from the University of Besançon, France, reported after a 15-year study. Rouillon says that the main conclusion from the preliminary results of his "marathon experiment" is that the bra is a false necessity.


INHERITED GENE MUTATIONS FOUND IN 20% OF WOMEN WITH OVARIAN CANCER

Genetic studies of inherited predisposition to ovarian cancer have tended to focus on women with a known family history of the disease. Now, a new study of ovarian cancer patients with no known family history of the disease found one fifth of them had inherited alterations in genes known to be linked to ovarian and breast cancer.


HERCEPTIN FOR HER2-POSITIVE BREAST CANCER IMPROVES LONG-TERM SURVIVAL

A study that analyzed the long-term safety and effectiveness of trastuzumab - more commonly known as Herceptin - found it significantly improves long-term survival of patients with HER-2 positive breast cancer when combined with chemotherapy. A new study shows that Herceptin improves long-term survival of patients with HER2-positive breast cancers.


OUR COGNITIVE SKILLS DECLINE FROM THE AGE OF 24, BUT THERE IS HOPE

If you are an adult who has ever been told by a partner or colleague that you are "too old to be playing video games," then they may well have a point. A new study - using a video game as a test - has found that people over the age of 24 are past their peak in terms of cognitive motor performance. Generally, the researchers behind the new study observe, people tend to think of middle age as being around 45 years of age - around the time when age-related declines in cognitive-motor functioning become obvious.


DAILY ASPIRIN USE 'REDUCES OVARIAN CANCER RISK BY 20%'

Previous research has suggested that aspirin may help to reduce the risk of breast cancer and melanoma. Now, new research from the National Institutes of Health suggests that women who take low-dose aspirin every day may reduce their risk of ovarian cancer by 20%. The findings were recently published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.


YOUNG WOMEN WITH BRCA1 MUTATION 'SHOULD REMOVE OVARIES EARLIER'

It is widely known that having a BRCA1 gene mutation increases risk of female breast and ovarian cancers. And now, findings from a large international study suggest that women with these mutations should have preventive surgery to remove the ovaries by the age of 35, rather than waiting until a later age when the risk of ovarian cancer greatly increases.