Psychiatry

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PARENT DEATH LEADS TO 40% OF SURVIVING KIDS NEEDING INTERVENTION

The loss of a parent can be devastating for most. However, what is the affect on children that have a parent suddenly pass? Well in the first study of its kind focusing on this very emotional variable, researchers have discovered that 40% of children bereaved by sudden parental death will require intervention to prevent prolonged grief reaction and possible depression.


9/11 TEN YEARS ON - THE HEALTH EFFECTS ON RESCUE WORKERS

A decade on, 9/11 rescue workers and WTC exposed civilians have been found to have a higher burden of mental and physical illness, a 19% higher risk of developing cancer, but lower death rates than the general population in New York City, experts have revealed. The September 11 attacks, also known as the 9/11 attacks or simply 9/11 occurred on Tuesday, September 11, 2001.


ONE MILLION PEOPLE COMMIT SUICIDE EACH YEAR - WORLD SUICIDE PREVENTION DAY, SEPTEMBER 10TH, 2011

Today is World Suicide Prevention Day - WHO (World Health Organization) and IASP (International Association for Suicide Prevention) co-sponsor this date every year in their attempt to combat global suicide rates. Events this year will include: The release of thousands of lanterns in Ireland Volunteer workshops in Malaysia Several organized walks in America and Australia An Inuit Celebration of life ceremony, Parliament Hill, Canada An education seminar in Bangalore, India According to WHO, approximately one million people commit suicide each year worldwide, that is about one death every 40 seconds or 3,000 per day.


200 MILLION ILLICIT DRUG USERS WORLDWIDE

Illicit drug usage is practiced by approximately 200 million people globally, Australian researchers reported in the medical journal The Lancet. High-income nations have the highest rates, and disease burdens related to drugs are comparable to the health toll caused by alcohol consumption. The authors explained that expert estimates of global illicit drug usage range from 142 to 271 million people - approximately 1 in every 20 people aged from 15 to 64 years.


DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF MARIJUANA - 1 IN 5 TEENS HAVE DONE IT

19% Of teenagers in the USA say they have driven a car while under the influence of marijuana, compared to 13% who say they have driven after consuming alcohol, according to a new report issued by SADD (Students Against Destructive Decisions) and commissioned by Liberty Mutual Insurance. The authors added that marijuana use among 12-graders is at its highest level in three decades.


STRESS INCREASES 40% DURING RECESSIONS

According to a study conducted by researchers at the University of Nottingham and University of Ulster, work related stress increases by 40% during a recession, affecting 1 in 4 workers. Furthermore, researchers found that the number of workers who take time off, as a result of work-related stress, increased by 25%, and that total time off, as result of this type of stress, rose by more than one third during an economic downturn.


1 IN 88 CHILDREN MAY HAVE A FORM OF AUTISM

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are developmental disabilities that include difficulties in social interaction and communication as well as restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped behavior patterns. The CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) has released information this week, estimating that as many as 1 in 88 children, or more than 1%, may have some kind of ASD.


PARENTS CAN HELP IDENTIFY AUTISM IN 1 YEAR OLDS

According to a study published in The International Journal of Research & Practice, 31% of children categorized as at risk for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) at 12 months are diagnosed with ASD by age three. The study, conducted by researchers at University of North Carolina School of Medicine, also found that 85% of children at risk for ASD had some other developmental disability or concern by three years of age.


DEPRESSION AFFECTS OVER 350 MILLION PEOPLE WORLDWIDE

Over 350 million people around the world have depression, according to a report issued by the World Health Organization (WHO) on World Mental Health Day (10 October). Depression is a mental disorder that undermines people's ability to function well. However, the stigma associated with the disorder stops millions of people from seeking medical help.


FOLATE & B12 DEFICIENCY LINKED TO SOME DEPRESSION SUBTYPES

A low intake of folate and vitamin B12 is linked to a greater risk of melancholic depressive symptoms. Folate is a water soluble vitamin that helps produce chemicals that control brain functions, such as sleep, mood, and appetite, and can be found in foods like green vegetables. Vitamin B12 is also a water soluble vitamin and it plays a crucial role in the function of the brain, nervous system, and formation of red blood cells.


1 IN 5 AMERICANS WITH MENTAL ILLNESS, NATIONAL SURVEY

Some 45.9 million, or around 1 in 5 American adults (age 18 and over) experienced a mental illness in the past year, according to the US government's latest National Survey on Drug Use and Health, released this month. The survey, published by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), finds that the rate of mental illness among 18 to 25-year-olds was more than twice as high as among people aged 50 and over (29.


CHANGES IN DRIVING BEHAVIOR AFTER 9/11 MOTIVATED BY FEAR

According to a study that will be published in Psychological Science, catastrophic events, for example, natural disasters, severe stock market dips, or terrorist attacks often happen more than once; twice, to be specific. Researchers say that the second event can cause just as much harm as the first, because it is usually due to our actions in response to the first event.


2ND GENERATION ANTI-PSYCHOTIC DRUGS PUBLICATION BIAS

According to a study published in PLoS Medicine, trials of second-generation anti-psychotic drugs, i.e. newer forms of medications for the treatment of psychotic illnesses like schizophrenia, that have been published in medical journals, may embellish their apparent clinical effectiveness. This selective reporting of trials is a phenomenon called publication bias.


INSUFFICIENT SLEEP AFFECTS 30% OF US WORKERS

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that 30% of the nation's workers are sleeping under 6 hours a day, which is less than the 7 to 9 hours that the National Sleep Foundation recommends for healthy adults. To assess the prevalence of insufficient sleep among US workers, the CDC analyzed data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS).


OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA AFFECTS 50% OF WOMEN

Half of all women aged 20 to 70 years experience obstructive sleep apnea, with 20% having moderate and 6% severe symptoms, Swedish scientists reported in the European Respiratory Journal. Studies have shown that obstructive sleep apnea is largely undiagnosed. Large corporations could save millions in lost productivity if more people were screened and treated for the sleep disorder.


STUDY SETS PERSONAL SPACE BOUNDARY: 8 TO 16 INCHES FROM FACE

A scientifically determined distance can now be given for how much personal space we need after researchers investigated the relationship between anxiety and distance needed from threats. The scientists have put the limit of what they call "peripersonal space" surrounding the face at around 8 to 16 inches (between 20 and 40 centimeters).


10% OF MENTALLY ILL TEENAGERS USE CANNABIS, DRINK AND SMOKE

Approximately 1 in every 10 teenagers with mental health problems drinks alcohol, smokes tobacco and uses cannabis, Australian researchers reported in the journal BMJ Open. The authors believe these behaviors contribute to poor mental and physical health. According to evidence from several studies, teenagers who abuse substances early in life are more likely to have mental ill health, and vice-versa.


GENETIC DISORDER 22Q COULD BE MISDIAGNOSED AS AUTISM

Children who suffer from a genetic disorder called 22q11.2 deletion syndrome may be at risk of being misdiagnosed with autism, according to a study published in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. The researchers, from the MIND Institute at the University of California, Davis, say that as children with 22q11.


ONE IN 50 KIDS HAS AUTISM IN U.S., CDC

One in 50 school-aged kids has autism in the U.S., according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The finding came from a survey of parents which revealed that the number of American children with autism spectrum disorder has increased significantly since 2007. As of 2012, one in 50 kids aged 6 to 17 has a form of autism, vs.


ONE IN THREE PEOPLE OVER 60 EXPERIENCES A LATER LIFE CRISIS

One in three people over the age of 60 experiences a later life crisis. The finding, which was presented at the British Psychological Society in Harrogate, came from a new study by University of Greenwich psychologist Dr. Oliver Robinson, who explained that the crisis can have either positive or negative outcomes on their well-being.