Psychiatry

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AS MANY AS 1 IN 150 AMERICAN CHILDREN COULD HAVE AN AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) assess the prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) in 14 communities throughout the States at 1 in 150 children. And in the majority of cases the signs are picked up before the children reach the age of 3. The two studies that led to this finding are published in the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR).


INCREASED RISK FOR ALCOHOL PROBLEMS IN ADULTHOOD WHEN ALCOHOL CONSUMED BEFORE 15 YEARS OF AGE

It may seem like a minor point, but it matters when someone takes their first drink of alcohol relative to later development of alcohol problems. A new study of the relationship between age at first drink (AFD) and the risk of developing alcohol-use disorders (AUDs) during adulthood has found that the risk is greatest when AFD occurs before the age of 15.


SIGNS OF PTSD 2 TO 3 YEARS AFTER 9/11 DISPLAYED BY 1 IN 8 LOWER MANHATTAN RESIDENTS

For many residents of Lower Manhattan, the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, had lasting psychological consequences. New findings, released by the Health Department's World Trade Center Health Registry, show that one in eight Lower Manhattan residents likely had posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) two to three years after the attacks.


ALCOHOL CONTRIBUTES TO 1 IN 25 DEATHS WORLDWIDE

Research led by scientists in Canada suggests that alcohol is a factor in 1 in 25 deaths worldwide, prompting calls that an international framework is needed to reduce the harm that alcohol is causing to global health. The research was conducted by first author Dr Jürgen Rehm, of the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto, and the University of Toronto, and colleagues and is published as part of a cluster of studies and commentary papers on alcohol and health in the 27 June issue of The Lancet.


DRINKING 22 OR MORE UNITS OF ALCOHOL A WEEK INCREASES RATES OF HOSPITAL ADMISSION

Men who drink 22 or more units of alcohol a week have a 20% higher rate of admissions into acute care hospitals than non-drinkers, researchers from the University of Glasgow have found. The study also showed that drinking between eight and 14 units of alcohol a week increases the total number of days spent in hospital.


PTSD CAN SURFACE UP TO 2 YEARS AFTER TRAUMA

While a person may not seem emotionally or psychologically troubled in the immediate aftermath of a traumatic event, symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can surface up to two years following an event for those with pre-existing emotional or social problems. That is the main conclusion of new Geisinger-led research that examined the onset and development of PTSD.


OVER 1% OF US CHILDREN HAVE AN AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER

According to a report published in the journal Pediatrics, 1 in every 91 children aged between 3 and 17 years is estimated to have an autism spectrum disorder in the United States. This is over 50% higher than the current 1 in 150 estimated prevalence. Lee Grossman, CEO, Autism Society, USA, said "This national study charts a dramatic rise in the prevalence of autism in the United States and we applaud this administration's recognition that autism is an urgent public health priority.


TOP WORRIES DURING CHRISTMAS 2009: MONEY, RELATIONSHIPS AND HEALTH

A survey published today by Samaritans and YouGov reports that nearly half the UK population (48 percent) has worried this year about debt and money. In addition, almost a quarter of people (23 percent) describe 2009 as a bad year or their worst year ever. More than 2,000 people participated in the poll.


NEARLY 10 PER CENT YOUNG AMERICAN VIDEO GAMERS ADDICTED, STUDY

Using clinical-style criteria similar to that for measuring gambling behaviour, a new study confirmed what many parents already believe, that not only is it possible for children to become "addicted" to video games but nearly 10 per cent of American youngsters actually are. The study was the work of Iowa State University's Assistant Professor of Psychology, Dr Douglas Gentile, and was published online on 13 April in the journal Psychological Science.


NATIONAL SURVEY REVEALS INCREASES IN SUBSTANCE USE FROM 2008 TO 2009

The use of illicit drugs among Americans increased between 2008 and 2009 according to a national survey conducted by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) shows the overall rate of current illicit drug use in the United States rose from 8.


EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE PEAKS AS WE ENTER OUR 60S, RESEARCH SUGGESTS

Older people have a hard time keeping a lid on their feelings, especially when viewing heartbreaking or disgusting scenes in movies and reality shows, psychologists have found. But they're better than their younger counterparts at seeing the positive side of a stressful situation and empathizing with the less fortunate, according to research from the University of California, Berkeley.


SKILL IN RECOGNIZING FACES PEAKS AFTER AGE 30 ACCORDING TO PSYCHOLOGISTS

Scientists have made the surprising discovery that our ability to recognize and remember faces peaks at age 30 to 34, about a decade later than most of our other mental abilities. Researchers Laura T. Germine and Ken Nakayama of Harvard University and Bradley Duchaine of Dartmouth College will present their work in the journal Cognition.


1 NIGHT OF RECOVERY SLEEP MAY NOT BE SUFFICIENT TO RECOVER FROM THE NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF SLEEP RESTRICTION

A study in the Aug. 1 issue of the journal Sleep suggests that a dose of extra sleep on the weekend may be good medicine for adults who repeatedly stay up too late or wake up too early during the workweek. However, even a night of 10 hours in bed may not be enough to cure the negative effects of chronic sleep restriction.


NEW PARENTS HAVE 6 MONTHS SLEEP DEFICIT DURING FIRST 24 MONTHS OF BABY'S LIFE

A survey reveals that parents lose an average of six months' sleep during the first 24 months of their child's life. Approximately 10% of parents manage to get just two-and-a-half hours continuous sleep each night, the Silentnight survey found. Over 60% of parents with babies aged less than 24 months get no more than three-and-a-quarter hours sleep each night.


INSOMNIA AFFECTS 23% OF US WORKFORCE, COSTING $63.2 BILLION ANNUALLY

The average American worker loses 11.3 days in lost productivity annually because of insomnia; that is equivalent to a loss of $2,280 each, researchers report in the journal Sleep. Insomnia is a condition characterized by difficulty falling asleep and remaining asleep. It includes a wide spectrum of sleep disorders, from not enough sleep to lack of quality sleep.


PTSD AND 9-11 TEN YEARS LATER; HOW PROXIMITY TO EVENT WAS KEY FACTOR

A new study shows that not only those in close proximity to the earth shattering 9-11 terrorist attacks of ten years ago were severely affected mentally by the tragedy, but even further geographic distance and indirect trauma exposures are associated with an increased risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).


1 IN 110 WITH AUTISM IN THE USA - NATIONAL AUTISM AWARENESS MONTH, APRIL

1 In every 110 people in the USA has an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The US Autism Society is calling for greater awareness and action this month to support people with autism throughout the country. The Autism Society, in a communiqué issued today, says it will launch several awareness campaigns (Link).


SIMPLE CHECKLIST FOR AUTISM IN 1-YEAR OLDS COULD BE PART OF WELL-BABY CHECKUPS

A simple checklist for the subtle signs of autism in 1-year olds, that takes parents only five minutes to complete while sitting in the pediatrician's waiting room, performed so well in a feasibility study that the researchers hope it will one day form part of routine screening at well-baby checkups and spur life-changing earlier diagnosis and treatment of autism spectrum disorder (ASD).


CELEXA (CITALOPRAM HYDROBROMIDE) AT OVER 40MG PER DAY LINKED TO ABNORMAL HEART RHYTHM RISK, WARNS FDA

Citalopram hydrobromide, known under brand name Celexa, should not be administered at doses over 40 mg per day, because it can trigger abnormal electrical activity in the heart, leading to potentially fatal heart rhythm problems (including Torsade de Pointes), the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) announced today.


ONE SUICIDE EVERY 15 MINUTES IN THE USA

A report published yesterday by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention revealed that, every 15 minutes an individual in the U.S. dies as a result of suicide. In addition it was revealed that for each individual who dies, several others are contemplating, planing or attempting suicide. In Utah, around 1 in 15 ( 6.