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ANTHRAX ATTACK, US GOVERNMENT AGREES $2.5 MILLION PAYOUT, BUT DOES NOT ADMIT FAULT

The family of Florida photo editor, Robert Stevens, who died following an anthrax attack, is to receive a payout of $2.5 million from the US government. According to court filings, Maureen Stevens will no longer pursue other claims. The lawsuit, which was filed in 2003, claimed government negligence because it did not stop somebody at U.


UNRAVELLING OF NDM-1 STRUCTURE SIGNALS BREAKTHROUGH IN FIGHT AGAINST VICIOUS SUPERBUG

News of a significant breakthrough in the fight against drug-resistant infections arrived this week in the form of a paper in the online journal Acta Crystallographica Section F: Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications where researchers describe how they unravelled the structure of NDM-1, a vicious type of superbug that is currently resistant to our most powerful antibiotics.


BANANAS! EATING HEALTHY WILL COST YOU; POTASSIUM ALONE $380 PER YEAR

A new study from the journal Health Affairs finds that healthy eating can be an expensive proposition. For example, adding potassium to the diet can tack on $380 per year to the average consumer's food costs, the study found. It is the wealthiest consumers that are able to most closely meet the guidelines.


DIETARY SUPPLEMENT USAGE GREW FROM 40% TO 53% OF US POPULATION FROM 1994 TO 2006

Over half of all Americans over the age of 20 years used dietary supplements in 2003-2006, with multivitamins being the most common. More people are purchasing other supplements, such as calcium and vitamin D, a new report issued by the NCHS (National Center For Health Statistics), part of the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) informs.


HEAT UP YOUR COLD MEAT AND AVOID LISTERIA RISK, CDC TELLS THE OVER 50S

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USA, is warning people aged 50 years or more to reheat their cold meat before eating, to avoid listeriosis - listeria infection. For those over 50, and especially over 65, such meats as hot-dogs, cold cuts, luncheon and deli meats should be heated to at least 165 degrees, what the CDC describes as "steaming hot".


VITAMIN B2: WHY DO WE NEED IT AND WHERE CAN WE GET IT?

Vitamin B2, or riboflavin, is one of eight B vitamins that are essential for human health. It can be found in grains, plants, and dairy products. It is crucial for breaking down food components, absorbing other nutrients, and maintaining tissues. Vitamin B2 is a water-soluble vitamin, so it dissolves in water.


WHAT IS THIAMIN, OR VITAMIN B1?

Vitamin B1, thiamin, or thiamine enables the body to use carbohydrates as energy. It is essential for glucose metabolism, and it plays a key role in nerve, muscle, and heart function. Vitamin B1 is a water-soluble vitamin, as are all vitamins of the B complex. What are water-soluble vitamins? Meat, fish, and grains are a good source of Vitamin B1 Vitamins are classified according to the materials they dissolve in.


WHAT IS VITAMIN B12?

Overview Uses Sources Deficiency Requirements Vitamin B12, or Cobalamin, is one of the eight B vitamins. It is needed to ensure the proper functioning and health of nerve tissue, brain function, and red blood cells. What is vitamin B12? Like all B vitamins, vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin. This means it dissolves in water and travels through the bloodstream.


WHAT IS VITAMIN B12?

Overview Uses Sources Deficiency Requirements Vitamin B12, or Cobalamin, is one of the eight B vitamins. It is needed to ensure the proper functioning and health of nerve tissue, brain function, and red blood cells. What is vitamin B12? Like all B vitamins, vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin. This means it dissolves in water and travels through the bloodstream.


WHOLESOME NUTRITION: 14 HEALTHY FOODS WITH SOLID RESEARCH BEHIND THEM

With the start of a new year, many of us resolve to better our habits by trying to incorporate more nutritious foods into our diets. An article in the January issue of Food Technology magazine lists 14 foods that deliver research-documented benefits to health. Whole Grains 1. Barley: 11 clinical trials spanning almost 20 years found that increased consumption of barley products can lower total and LDL cholesterol.


CHRONIC PAIN GENE - HCN2 - IDENTIFIED, HOPES FOR NEW TARGETED PAIN DRUGS

A gene called HCN2 produces a protein which regulates chronic pain, researchers from Cambridge University, England, and the University of Cadiz, Spain reported in the journal Science. They added that medications which inhibit the gene's protein production could be extremely effective in combating chronic pain.


PRESCRIPTION ACETAMINOPHEN DRUGS TO HAVE 325 MILLIGRAM LIMIT TO PROTECT LIVER

Manufacturers that produce prescription combination products containing acetaminophen are being asked by the FDA to limit the dosage to 325 mg per capsule or tablet to protect liver toxicity. Acetaminophen relives fever and pain and can be found in several OTC (over-the-counter) and prescription medications, such as codeine, Percocet (oxycodone), and Vicodin (hydrocodone).


HOW NOT TO PUT ON WEIGHT DURING THANKSGIVING - 15 USEFUL SUGGESTIONS

Nutritionists estimate that the average Thanksgiving meal ranges from 3,000 to 5,000 calories. If our daily needs should not exceed between 1,600 to 2,400 calories, it is not surprising that people complain about weight gain during the holidays. However, it is not the meal's core that makes you put on the pounds, but rather the nice trimmings and goodies that come with it.


FIRST FULL FACE TRANSPLANT IN USA PERFORMED IN 15 HOUR OPERATION

Dallas Wiens, whose face was severely disfigured in a power line accident, has undergone the first full face transplant in the USA at the Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston. Dr. Bohdan Pomahac and a team of 30 doctors, anesthesiologists, residents and nurses participated in the operation of over 15 hours to replace Wiens' nose, lips, facial skin, movement muscles and nerves.


EUROPEAN ADULT OBESITY RATES RANGE FROM 7.6% TO 24.7%

Obesity rates in Europe have been rising and are now a serious public health concern, even though at a range of 7.6% to 24.7% they are much lower than those in the USA which stand at 26.8% for females and 27.6% for males, says a European Health Interview Survey, published by the statistical office of the European Union, Eurostat.


25 OF THE BEST DIETS ARE RATED

It seems as though every month there is another dieting fad, that promises to melt away the pounds over night and keep you trim. The fashions come and go, rotating from the unknown, into flavor of the month, and often over to controversy and even disgrace. In the early 2000s the Atkins of high protein became such a fad that fast food restaurants began offering "carb free" burgers.


30 MINUTES OF EXERCISE EACH DAY IS BETTER THAN ONE HOUR

According to a study published in the American Journal of Physiology, 30 minutes of daily exercise is just as effective for losing weight as 60 minutes. Researchers at the Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, followed 60 heavy, but healthy Danish men for 13 weeks. 30 participants were assigned to engage in exercise for one hour per day, wearing a heart-rate monitor and calorie counter.


ALTHOUGH TYPE 2 DIABETES CURED BY WEIGHT LOSS SURGERY, IT RETURNS IN ONE-FIFTH OF PATIENTS

A new study shows that although gastric bypass surgery reverses Type 2 diabetes in a large percentage of obese patients, the disease recurs in about 21 percent of them within three to five years. The study results were presented at The Endocrine Society's 94th Annual Meeting in Houston. "The recurrence rate was mainly influenced by a longstanding history of Type 2 diabetes before the surgery," said the study's lead author, Yessica Ramos, MD, an internal medicine resident at Mayo Clinic Arizona in Scottsdale.


10 NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES - TARGET FOR END OF DECADE

The aim is to eliminate or at least control 10 neglected tropical diseases by 2020 - it is a public and private partnership, including 13 drug companies, the UK, US and United Arab Emirate Governments, the World Bank, The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and some other worldwide organizations. The partners aim to work together to eliminate neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) in countries where they are endemic.


EXTRA 120 MILLION FEMALES TO HAVE ACCESS TO FAMILY PLANNING - $2.6 BILLION PLEDGED

$2.6 Billion have been pledged by donor nations to help 120 million women and girls in the poorest countries have access to family planning by 2020 - this was announced at the London Summit on Family Planning today. Over 150 leaders from rich and developing nations, as well as civil societies, foundations, the private sector and international agencies agreed on a set of commitments to drive forward family planning on a global scale.