Disease

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BLOOD CLOTS PRESENT IN 40% OF ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE PATIENTS

According to a report published in the British Medical Journal (BMJ), spontaneous blood clots are significantly associated with both Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia. The researchers, from the University of Manchester, UK, say this finding may hold the key to preventing and/or treating dementia.


1918 SPANISH FLU MADE BODY KILL ITS OWN CELLS

American scientists believe that the 1918 Spanish Flu pandemic was so deadly because it triggered a tremendous immune response in the human body which made it destroy its own cells. Spanish Flu was estimated to have killed over 50 million people - young adults were worst hit. You can read about this new study in the journal Nature.


CANCER OF THE WOMB SURVIVAL RATES IMPROVE, BUT FOR OVER 60S INCIDENCE INCREASES, UK

Over the last 30 years survival rates for womb cancer, patients surviving for five years or longer, has increased 16% to 77%. However, the number of affected women aged 60-79 has gone up by 30% during the last ten years. You can get details of this report from Cancer Research UK (resource no longer available at www.


COFFEE DRINKING LOWERS TYPE 2 DIABETES RISK FOR POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN

Postmenopausal women who drink coffee regularly have a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes when compared to women who never drink coffee, say researchers from the University of Minnesota School of Public Health. Apparently, the health benefit is even more marked if the coffee is decaffeinated. According to Mark Pereira, Ph.


DIABETES CASES RISE FROM 30 MILLION TO 230 MILLION IN 20 YEARS

During the last 20 years the total number of people with diabetes worldwide has risen from 30 million to 230 million, according to the International Diabetes Federation. China and India now have the most diabetes sufferers in the world. Today, out of the top ten countries with diabetes sufferers, seven are developing countries.


FDA APPROVES NOVEL DIABETES TYPE 2 DRUG

Januvia (sitagliptin phosphate), a drug which enhances the body's own ability to reduce blood sugar levels, has been approved by the FDA, in addition to diet and exercise. Not only is this new drug effective, but also it causes fewer undesirable side effects than others on the market. One of the problems with older drugs for type 2 diabetes patients is that they cause weight gain, this one does not.


SALMONELLA INFECTION SPREADS TO 18 US STATES

Authorities believe that tomatoes may have spread salmonella infection (salmonellosis) that has made over 170 people ill and put 11 people in hospital in 18 states in the USA. Officials stress they are not sure yet whether the outbreak is linked to a specific food or outlet chain. So far, nobody has died, says the CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention).


200,000 AMERICANS ARE HIV POSITIVE AND DON'T KNOW IT

About 200,000 Americans are infected with HIV and don't know it, 850,000 to 950,000 Americans are HIV positive, and 40,000 people are newly infected each year in the USA, says the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). If these figures are accurate, it means that about one quarter of all Americans who are HIV positive don't know it.


MUMPS HITS IOWA IN A BIG WAY, MAY HAVE 245 CASES SO FAR

Iowa has been hit by a Mumps outbreak, the worst in the USA since the late eighties. So far, authorities say there are 245 probable cases. For an 'outbreak' to be declared there need to be over five cases within a limited area. According to the CDC, it is the same mumps strain as the one that has infected thousands of people in the UK.


CHOLESTEROL LINKED WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES

An international team of scientists have discovered a possible link between accumulation of cholesterol and type 2 diabetes. The study was based at Canada's Vancouver Child and Family Research Institute at the University of British Columbia, and is published online in Nature Medicine. Type 2 diabetes is defined by two things.


DIABETES TYPE 2 DRUG (THIAZOLINEDIONES) DOUBLES HEART FAILURE RISK

Thiazolinediones, the name for a type of drug used to treat patients with diabetes type II, could double the risk of heart failure, say researchers at Wake Forest University School of Medicine, USA, and the University of East Anglia, United Kingdom. After reviewing research studies and case reports on over 78,000 patients, the researchers explain that the risk of heart failure may be as much as 100% higher in patients receiving thiazolinediones - Avandia® and Actos® are thiazolinediones.


DIABETES TYPE 2 PATIENTS NEED BETTER HOME BLOOD GLUCOSE MONITORING ADVICE

According to a new study, patients with diabetes type 2 need better home blood glucose monitoring advice. You can read about this in the latest issue of the British Medical Journal (BMJ). Type 2 diabetes generally does not require injections. The patient can be treated with dietary measures, along with a weight reduction programme and oral medications.


MORE TYPE 2 DIABETES GENES DISCOVERED

Several teams of scientists this week report discovering more genes linked to Type 2 Diabetes and describe the achievement as bringing science closer to understanding the genetics of the origins and progress of this modern disease. The various papers are published in Science and Nature Genetics this week.


NEW TYPE 1 DIABETES GENE FOUND IN CHILDREN

A team of scientists in the US and Canada have discovered a gene variant that is thought to increase a child's risk for type 1 diabetes. The study is published in the advanced online publication of the journal Nature. Type 1 diabetes used to be called juvenile diabetes because it mostly begins in childhood.


STEM CELL TRANSPLANTS IN DIABETES TYPE 1 PATIENTS KICK STARTS OWN INSULIN PRODUCTION

A Brazilian study has shown that stem cell transplants in patients with diabetes type 1 may kick start the pancreas into producing insulin again. It is still too early to tell if the effect is permanent, but some patients have remained insulin free for over 20 months. The study is published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).


11 PER CENT OF AMERICAN MEN HAVE CONCURRENT SEXUAL PARTNERS

A new US study has found that 11 per cent of American men have concurrent sexual partners, which is believed to contribute to the spread of HIV. The study was carried out by researchers at the University of North Carolina (UNC) and is published online ahead of print in the American Journal of Public Health.


CANCER KILLS OVER 20 THOUSAND PEOPLE A DAY SAYS GLOBAL REPORT

A new global cancer report by a leading US health organization estimates that cancer will kill 7.6 million people worldwide this year (about 20,000 cancer deaths a day), and more than 12 million people will find out they have the disease. The report is called the Global Cancer Facts and Figures 2007, and is published by the American Cancer Society.


ISA247 IS SAFE AND EFFECTIVE IN TREATING PSORIASIS

In a phase III trial, a new treatment for moderate to severe plaque psoriasis has been proven safe and effective. Additionally, there is almost a linear relationship between drug dose and response, which suggests that patients can be accurately dosed in order to achieve a clinical response while minimizing side effects.


VIRTUAL COLONOSCOPY FINDS 90 PER CENT OF LARGE GROWTHS

A new study found that virtual colonoscopy using non invasive X-ray based computed tomography (CT scanning) was 90 per cent effective at finding large pre-cancerous and cancerous growths, but not very effective at finding much smaller growths. The study was the work of a large team of scientists from research centres in the US and Canada, including the Mayo Clinic Arizona, where first author Dr C.


RESEARCHERS VERIFY LINK BETWEEN TYPE 2 DIABETES AND DIET

Three studies published in the July 28 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine address diet and risk of type 2 diabetes. Researchers found no association between eating a low-fat diet and diabetes risk, but found that people who drink more sugar-sweetened beverages or eat fewer fruits and vegetables have an increased risk of the disease.